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CAREERS IN BIOLOGY

CAREERS IN BIOLOGY

There are various graduation and professional courses available to the students as Careers after 12th Science.

The two most popular and most sought after career options after 12th science in India are Engineering and Medical.

1. The Undergraduate (UG) Medical degrees available in India are as follows:

UG/ Diploma Full Title of Degree/ Diploma Duration
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery 5.5 years
BDS Bachelor of Dental Sciences 5 years
BHMS Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery 5.5 years
5.5 years
BAMS Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery 5.5 years
BUMS Bachelor in Unani Medicine 5.5 years
BVSc & AH Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry 5 years
B.Pharm. Bachelor of Pharmacy 4.5 years
BOT Bachelor of Occupational Therapy 4.5 years
BMLT Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology 3-4 years
BPT Bachelor of Physiotherapy 4.5 years
B.Sc. Nursing Bachelor of Science in Nursing 4 years
BNYS Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences 5.5 years
B. Sc Optometry Bachelor of Science in Optometry 2-3 years

2. Agriculture: known to be the mainstay of Indian economy.

a. Poultry Farming

b. Horticulture

c. Research and teaching.

Courses after 12th science in Agriculture:

a. B. Sc in Agriculture

b. B. Sc in Agricultural Eco and Farm management

c. B. Sc in Agricultural Meteorology

d. B. Sc in Agricultural Biotechnology

e. B. Sc in Agricultural Statistics

f. B. Sc in Agronomy

g. B. Sc in Agriculture Mktg and Business Management

h. B. Sc in Bio-chem and Agricultural Chemistry

i. B. Sc in Crop Physiology

j. B. Sc in Entomology

k. B. Sc (Hons) in Agriculture

3. Forensic Science The field of Forensic science involves investigating of a crime with the help of applying scientific principles.

Career options after 12th in Forensic Science:

a. B. Sc in Forensic Sciences

b. B. Sc in Life Science, Chemistry, Forensic Science

c. Diploma in Criminology and Forensic Science for Police personnel

d. Diploma in F/Sciences (Ballistics and Finger Prints)

e. Diploma in Forensic Science (Cyber Crimes)

f. Diploma in Forensic Science (Computer Forensics)

4. Bio Technology

The field of Biotechnology is totally a combination of biology with modern technology, which produces results by altering cells to manipulate them as required. It helps scientists to develop treatments for various diseases and very helpful to humans and other living forms. Biotechnology is used in a variety of fields like Environmental, Agricultural, Pharmaceutical, Energy and Chemical.

Career after 12th in Bio Technology:

a. B. Sc in Biotechnology

b. B. Sc in Biotechnology and Bio informatics

c. B.E. in Biotechnology

d. B.Tech (Industrial Biotechnology)

e. Diploma in Biotechnology

5. Geology

Geology is the study of earth and everything related to its structure, processes including study of organisms inhabited on earth. Geology also comprises study of oceanography, hydrogeology, geostatistics. Interest and study in this field may get you the chance to work with the environmental consultant companies, non profit organisation, natural resources consultant and companies, Universities and government agencies and Geological survey of India.

Career after 12th in Geology:

a. B. Sc in Geology

b. B. Sc (Hons) Geology

c. PG Diploma in Environmental Geology

d. PG Diploma in Engineering Geology

e. PG Diploma in Geology (Ground water)

6. Zoology

It deals with the study of living and extinct animals their evolution, structure, behavior, function and interaction with environment. Zoology is diverse and broad field which includes studies of mammals, insects, birds, amphibians, reptiles, fishes and a lot of other. One can become zoologist, lecturer, ornithologist and even wildlife expert after studying in this branch of science.

Careers after 12 th in Zoology

a. B.Sc in Zoology

b. B.Sc (Hons) in Zoology

c. B.Sc in Aquaculture (Fishery Microbiology)

d. B.Sc in Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology

e. B.Sc in Zoology and Animal Biotechnology

7. Food Technology

Food Technologist demand is growing day by day as rise in demand for packaged food and its long preservation due to many modern changes in food habits. Food technology deals with the scientific understanding about foods we eat and what is the actual production process to make foods, packaged and preserved. A degree in this field can get one the job of Food Quality controller, Research Officer, Packaging manager and a lot of others jobs. Students may go for food technology.

Careers after 12 th in Food Technology

a. B.Sc Food Preservation and Processing

b. B.Sc in Food Processing

c. B.Sc in Food Processing and Technology

d. B.Sc in Food Storage, Preservation, and Food Technology

e. B.Sc in Food Technology (Biochemical Engineering)

f. Diploma in Fish Processing Technology

g. Diploma in Sugar Technology

8. Microbiology

This field is study of living organisms which may be a cell cluster, single cell or may be no cell at all; these are invisible to naked eye such as fungi, bacteria and viruses. There are many types of different microbiology. But Medical microbiology is well known as it deals with the human illness. Other Microbiology includes food microbiology, environmental microbiology and veterinary microbiology. There are ample of career opportunities and jobs for Microbiologists in Pharmaceutical, Food, Research and development laboratories in hospital, Beverage and chemical industries, Research organisations, Agriculture and Health care research.

Careers after 12 th in Microbiology

a. B.Sc in Microbiology

b. B.Sc (Hons) in Microbiology

c. Diploma in Clinical Microbiology

d. Diploma in Clinical Pathology

e. Diploma in Industrial Microbiology

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